Thursday, October 11, 2012
The Reality of Child Sexual Abuse & Exploitation in the U.S. in the aftermath of the Sandusky Verdict
In light of the Sandusky verdict Tuesday, it might be tempting for us to try to put the entire scandal, the entire hideous thought of what happened in that town behind us. But I’d like to take this opportunity to remind everyone that that was just one case out of thousands. That every day in our country there are thousands of children, thousands of victims, millions of survivors, living out the same terrible life story as Sandusky's victims.
I am not here to debate the sentence, not here to give voice to Sandusky via his statement, not to rehash the case or trial. I am here only to ask what of the others and where do we, as a society, go from here? As Judge John Cleland told Sandusky at his sentencing “The crime is not only what you did to their bodies but to their psyches and their souls and the assault to the well-being of the larger community in which we all live."
“The larger community in which we all live?” Offenders do not offend in a bubble. They do not offend only their victims. It is time for the larger community to see this not as an individual crime, not as a family issue, but as a public safety issue, as a societal ill that every single person can help to eradicate if only… if only they grasp the reality of the problem, if only they are willing to stop turning away at the terrible thought of what is happening to children, if only they will stand up with the person next to them and say, “enough! – I’ve had enough and I am going to do something about it.”
Although the following statistics1 are not easy to read, please take this step and learn about child sexual abuse and exploitation. When we open our eyes to the truth we become better educated and can begin to address this societal epidemic and put an end to it.
What is Child Sexual Abuse?
· Child sex abuse includes body contact, such as kissing and oral, anal, or vaginal sex. Sex abuse can also include “flashing” or showing private parts, forcing children to watch pornography, voyeurism (trying to look at a child’s naked body), pressuring children for sex, having sex in front of children, and exploiting children for pornography or prostitution.
· “Child-on-child sexual abuse” occurs when a prepubescent child is abused sexually by another child or children. Often, the child perpetrator has been sexually victimized by an adult previously. “Inter-sibling abuse” occurs when one sibling molests his/her own sibling.
How common is it really?
· In the United States, approximately 1 out of every 4 girls and 1 out of every 6 boys is sexually abused.
· Approximately 1.3 million children in America are sexually assaulted each year. There are an estimated 60 million survivors of childhood sexual abuse in America.
· A 2004 study revealed that 9.6% of public school children, accounting for 4.5 million students, have experienced sexual misconduct, from being told sexual jokes to sexual intercourse by educators. Offenders include teachers (18%), coaches (15%), substitute teachers (13%), principals (6%), and student counselors (5%).
How does it affect victims?
· Sexual abuse, or any kind of abuse, negatively and permanently affects the physical development of a child’s brain. These physical changes result in psychological and emotional problems in adulthood.
· Women who were sexually abused as children reported significantly lower SAT test scores than women who were not abused.
Is most abuse reported?
· Most children do not tell anyone they have been abused, and those who do tell often have to tell several people before any action is taken.
· It is estimated that less than half of all sexual assaults on children are reported to the police.
· Children may not reveal sexual abuse because they feel shame or guilt, they worry no one will believe them, they fear being removed from their home, and they or their family may have been threatened. Very young children may not have the language skills to report the abuse or may not understand they are being abused.
· The generally lower rate for male sex abuse may be largely inaccurate due to underreporting. Because men are traditionally encouraged to be physically strong and competitive, male victims may be more hesitant to report sexual abuse because they feel they are “less of a man.”
Who are the abusers?
· According to the APA, women are the abusers in about 14% of cases reported among boys and 6% of cases reported among girls.
· Male offenders who abused girls have an average of 52 victims each. Men who molested boys had an average of 150 victims each.
· Approximately 23% of reported cases of child sexual abuse are perpetrated by individuals under the age of 18.
· Approximately 60% of sexual abusers are known to the child but are not family members, such as family friends, babysitters, or neighbors.
· Approximately 30% of sexual abusers are family members, such as fathers, mothers, brothers, uncles, or cousins.
· Researchers estimate that 20 million Americans have been victims of parental incest as children.
· Child pornography is one of the fastest growing Internet businesses, increasing at an average 150% per year for each of the last 10 years. The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC) reports that it has reviewed more than 51 million child pornography images and videos.
· There is a clear link between possession of child pornography and the actual violation of children. The NCMEC estimates that 40% or more of people who possess child pornography also sexually assault children.
· Of the arrests for the possession of child pornography during 2000-2001 in the U.S., 83% had pornographic materials of children between ages 6 and 12, 39% had material involving children between ages 3 and 5, and 19% had material of toddlers under the age of 3 or infants.
Pedophiles & Child Molesters
· Not all pedophiles are child molesters, and some child molesters do not meet the clinical definition of a pedophile. Pedophilia is a clinical term that describes a person who has had repeated arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors related to sexual activities with children for at least six months. Pedophiles do not necessarily have to act on their urges. Child molesters have the same attraction to children, but they act on their urges.
· According to Dr. Herbert Wagemaker, an estimated 4% of the population suffers from sexual attraction toward children.
· The re-arrest rate for convicted child molesters is 52%.
· Between 250,000 – 500,000 child molesters reside in the U.S. today.
· Child molesters come from all backgrounds and social classes. However, most molesters (1) are male, (2) work in an environment surrounded by children, (3) befriend the parents first and then gain the child’s trust, and (4) attend events such as sports, camping, and video arcades.
· According to the FBI, approximately 1 in 10 men have molested a child, with little chance of being caught (3%). Additionally, the FBI estimates that a child has almost a 25% chance of being molested.
· The FBI estimates that there is a sex offender living in every square mile in the United States.
While these statistics are alarming, our intent is not to be alarmist. The Monique Burr Foundation for Children works very hard to educate and empower both children and adults through our Speak Up Be Safe™ program and through our community resources like this blog.
It is our hope that the legacy of Jerry Sandusky, for both his victims and for the community at large will be one of “education and empowerment.” Prevent Child Abuse America published a “Call to Action” Tuesday that we hope every American Citizen will read and we are happy to share it!
Every American citizen needs to get involved and act to protect all children whether it affects us personally or not. All children deserve to be safe from sexual assault and exploitation. And all adults can either be a part of the problem or a part of the solution. Today, now, you get to make the choice. Please follow our blog and Facebook page to learn more and become a partner with us to protect all children! Thank you for your bravery and your dedication!1 http://facts.randomhistory.com/child-sexual-abuse-facts.html